By Paul Russell
This article offers a single-volume, single-author common creation to the Celtic languages.
The first half the booklet considers the ancient historical past of the language crew as an entire. There follows a dialogue of the 2 major sub-groups of Celtic, Goidelic (comprising Irish, Scottish, Gaelic and Manx) and Brittonic (Welsh, Cornish and Breton) including a close survey of 1 consultant from each one team, Irish and Welsh.
The moment part considers a number of linguistic gains that are frequently considered as attribute of Celtic: spelling platforms, mutations, verbal nouns and notice order.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to the Celtic Languages
Quinque 'five' < *kwenkwe, etc. Compare also Lat coquus, W pobi 'cook' < *kwokw- < *pokw- (cf. Gk péttō < *pekw-). It has been argued that this assimilation goes back to a period of Italo-Celtic unity. However, C. Watkins 1966a: 33-5 has demonstrated that there is a problem of chronology in relation to the change of *-kwu- to *-ku-. The case of Lat quercus 'oak' < *perkwu- is central to the argument. The ancient name for the Hercynian Forest of central Europe, Gk Herkúnia, which is connected with Lithuanian Perkūnas 'a thunder god', shows it to be a derivative of *perkwu- 'oak'.
Title. II. Series. 6—dc20 94-44203 CIP LONGMAN LINGUISTICS LIBRARY General editors: R. H. Robins, University of London Martin Harris, University of Manchester Geoffrey Horrocks, University of Cambridge A Short History of Linguistics Third Edition R. H. ROBINS Text and Context Explorations in the Semantics and Pragmtics of Discourse TEUN A. VAN DIJK Introduction to Text Linguistics ROBERT DE BEAUGRANDE AND WOLFGANG ULRICH DRESSLER Psycholinguistics Language, Mind, and World DANNY D. STEINBERG Principles of Pragmatics GEOFFREY LEECH Generative Grammar GEOFFREY HORROCKS The English Verb Second Edition F.
First, it puts a great deal of weight on the p/q distinction when this could well have been allophonic for a considerable period. Secondly, it is not clear how significant the Goidelic feature of */ṃ/ and */ṇ/ > -em/-en really is; this change has been questioned by some who have argued that */ṃ/ and */ṇ/ gave -am/-an in Goidelic which subsequently changed to -em/-en in certain environments (McCone 1991b: 53-69, cf. Szemerényi 1991), while others have argued that */ṃ/ and */ṇ/ gave -em/-en in Gaulish as well (Szemerényi 1978).