By Harrell R. Rodgers
This re-creation of yankee Poverty in a brand new period of Reform offers a entire exam of the level, explanations, results, and prices of yank poverty approximately ten years after the passage of the non-public accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. the writer comprises the most up-tp-date on hand demographic, price range, evaluate, and software facts to judge the influence of this sweeping laws on federal and kingdom guidelines, in addition to on poverty populations. This revised variation takes under consideration the industrial slowdown that happened in 2001 via 2003. It examines the country judgements approximately how you can enforce PRWORA, and the way alterations have affected the poverty inhabitants and total welfare procedure. the writer identifies the confident implications of welfare reform besides difficulties that needs to be addressed. New positive factors for this version comprise an appendix of web resources a state-by-state tables of poverty premiums.
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Similarly, there is little chance that the rest of the budget could make up for the deficiencies of the food and shelter budget and leave any funds for utilities, transportation, out- 12,321 11,122 14,393 18,979 22,887 26,324 30,289 33,876 40,751 9,573 8,825 None Source: Bureau of the Census (2004a), p. 39. 1 12,682 12,634 14,810 19,289 23,220 26,429 30,479 34,175 40,948 One 14,284 18,660 22,509 25,884 29,827 33,560 40,404 Two 18,725 21,959 25,362 29,372 33,021 39,947 Three 21,623 24,586 28,526 32,256 39,196 Four 24,126 27,538 31,286 38,162 Five 26,454 30,275 37,229 Six 30,019 36,998 Seven 35,572 Eight or more 16 CHAPTER 2 HOW MANY AMERICANS ARE POOR?
Below we examine the four major reasons most often offered as explanations. 44 CHAPTER 3 Changing Social Mores The great social movements of the 1960s have been credited with liberalizing public attitudes toward single parenthood and divorce (Magnet, 1993). Certainly the stigma associated with either phenomenon has declined significantly over recent decades (Garfinkel and McLanahan, 1986, 82), and behavior such as premarital sex is both more common and more accepted (Bane and Ellwood, 1994, 114).
Until very recently, divorce was the number one reason for the formation of mother-only families with children. Since the late 1980s divorce rates have stabilized, but out-of-wedlock births to adult women have continued to rise. During the 1950s and 1960s, the yearly divorce rate per 1,000 women ages fifteen and older was about ten. By the mid-1970s the rate had doubled. The rate continued to increase in the late 1970s and early 1980s but has since leveled off. Still, over 40 percent of all marriages end in divorce (Centers for Disease Control, 2003, table A).