By Constantin Malik
Wars, revolutions, and monetary failures do not need to take place. there are methods to remodel governmental guidelines in order to keep away from such catastrophes. what's needed—argues administration specialist Constantin Malik—is to count on swap and to arrange for it. With this hugely instructive and provocative publication, Malik brings administration concept to executive, suggesting a sequence of recent tools and tools for winning governance, ways in line with the newest study within the fields of crowd psychology and administration cybernetics.
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Additional resources for Ahead of Change: How Crowd Psychology and Cybernetics Transform the Way We Govern
The human being is not that simple. He is a complex system himself to whose behavior diverse variables contribute of which reason is but one. And to look at man without looking at his environment at the same time is wrong in the first place. 82 An important part of the environment of a person is other people. Humans are no loners. Man is a social being that constantly interacts with his fellow citizens and is influenced by what goes on around him. It is true that people often make decisions based on their own knowledge and their own preferences.
Today’s politics are a useful negative example. There is a clear overuse of the command channel in practically all countries. Over-regulation in all areas and government interference in far too many matters strangle the liberty of elements which should actually be given much more independence and 50 Ahead of Change Figure 17: Cybernetic interpretation of the centralization-decentralization problem (with the square representing the selection of a component, the dotted circle variety reduction, and the black circle showing increases in variety) Source: Malik, Fredmund: Strategie des Managements komplexer Systeme, 2003 autonomy, such as the member states of a country.
Examples of System 4 include research and development departments, earthquake surveillance systems or intelligence agencies. Whereas System 3 ensures the short-term survival of the system here and now, System 4 needs to make sure the system is prepared for tomorrow’s developments and does not go blindly into the future. Its focus is the long term. This fundamentally different perspective of Systems 3 and 4 will often lead to frictions between these two systems. They do not understand their respective worlds and will always try to stress the importance of their own point of view.