About Science, Myself and Others by V.L. Ginzburg

By V.L. Ginzburg

In approximately technology, Myself and Others, Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg, co-recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics and Editor of the assessment magazine Physics-Uspekhi, presents an perception into smooth physics, the lives and works of alternative well known physicists he has identified, and perception into his personal existence and perspectives on physics and past.

Divided into 3 components, the e-book begins with a overview of the major difficulties in modern physics, astrophysics, and cosmology, interpreting their historic improvement and why they pose one of these problem to state-of-the-art physicists and for society. half One additionally contains information of a few of Professor Ginzburg's paintings, together with superconductivity and superfluidity. half encompasses numerous articles at the lives and works of numerous in demand physicists, together with the writer. The 3rd half is a suite of articles that supply a private view of the writer, describing his own perspectives and memories on various wider issues.

Taken jointly, this selection of articles creates an stress-free evaluate of physics, its philosophy, and key gamers in its sleek improvement within the twentieth Century. absolutely, will probably be an stress-free learn for pro physicists and non-scientists alike.

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In any event, the question of the neutrino mass arose long ago and remains very topical. There have been attempts to determine the neutrino mass mνe by examining the region near the end of the β-spectrum of tritium (the reaction 3 H → 3 He+e− +ν e : by virtue of the CP T theorem, it is now certain that mν = mν ). 6 keV. Measurements are being carried out: as far as I know, it is now believed that mνe < 3 eV. More Copyright © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd. 12 The difficulty of making the measurements is connected with the necessity of controlling the energy given to the molecules of the surrounding medium.

This is the most prominent discovery in elementary particle physics for many years. It was made on the Japanese– American installation Super Kamiokande whose basic element is a tank (1 km underground) filled with 50 000 tons of perfectly purified water. The tank is surrounded by 13 000 photomultipliers which register the Vavilov– Cherenkov radiation from the muons, electrons, and positrons produced in the water by neutrinos that get into the tank. Here we are speaking of the electron and muon neutrinos formed by cosmic rays in the atmosphere on the opposite side of the Earth.

A possible but not inevitable product of such an explosion is a neutron star. In a supernova explosion, heavier (compared to helium and some other nuclei) elements are ‘boiled’, cosmic rays are accelerated in shock waves generated in the interstellar gas and in the envelopes (remnants) of supernovae, electromagnetic radiation of all bands occur. During the explosion itself, neutrinos are also emitted. We were lucky in 1987 for the supernova SN 1987A exploded comparatively close to us (in the Large Magellanic Cloud which is at a distance of 60 kpc from the Earth).

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