By Raquel Guirardello
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Extra resources for A reference grammar of Trumai
9 With this, the text became generally available to interested readers. As noted earlier, copies of the MGZY were in the hands of some Western scholars, such as Lewicki in Poland, by the 1940s. British scholars of course had continuous access to it, and Clauson (1959) included material from it in his discussion of the 'Phags-pa script. By the 1960s it had become the primary basis for the study of 'Phags-pa Chinese. Denlinger (1963) investigated the material in the MGZY from the standpoint of Chinese historical phonology.
As a young man Qubilai held an appanage at Xingzhou 7f~ 1'1'[, in the southwest comer of modem Hebe i. Here he gathered around him a large coterie of Chinese scholars from various areas of the country, both north and south, who served him as advisors (Rossabi 1994: 415416). As his career advanced, he moved from place to place, either on campaign or performing administrative duties, and throughout this period he continued to maintain his Chinese retinue, which was also expanded to include advisors from other nationalities.
This must now be viewed as the optimum source for consulting the original text. The book contains a brief but informative introduction. Then, after the facsimile of the manuscript, it gives a reconstruction of the final, lost section. This utilizes several more recently discovered inscriptional sources not available to Cheng (1965). But it also differs from Cheng's work in another way. Cheng's approach may be called "narrow reconstruction," in that he only includes characters actually found in 'Phags-pa written sources.