A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Vol. 2 by Yitzhak Baer, Louis Schoffman, Benjamin R. Gampel

By Yitzhak Baer, Louis Schoffman, Benjamin R. Gampel

In the second one quantity of his vintage exploration of the Spanish-Jewish neighborhood, Baer covers such significant historic occasions because the Spanish Inquisition and the Expulsion of the Jews from Spain. This paintings examines the influence of church coverage at the Jewish inhabitants within the fifteenth century, and the issues at which Jewish tradition as a complete used to be altered via Spain’s actions.

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Example text

In 1367 the whole community was accused of having bought the Christians’ consecrated host. A thief who was caught con­ fessed to the king’s son Don Juan and his advisers that he had stolen a silver pyx containing consecrated bread, and sold the stolen goods to Jews in Barcelona. The name of the chief buyer he gave as that of a certain Jew, Provençal de Piera. The lat­ ter broke down under torture and “confessed” that he had bought the sacred articles and sold them to a Jew by the name of Astruc Biona, who was related to R.

The royal bailiff of Teruel tried to protect the accused Jews, but the municipal judges rendered a verdict of their own. Though torture did not extract from them the desired confession and though the Christian later retracted the evidence given under torture, the Christian and one of the accused Jews were done to death in a most cruel manner. Not only that, but the whole populace was incited against the Jews. The details of the affair are given in a report sent to the king by the bailiff. The bailiff felt that the municipal judges had encroached upon his own legal authority in regard to the Jews, and felt it his duty to save the estate of the executed Jews for the royal treasury.

The bailiff felt that the municipal judges had encroached upon his own legal authority in regard to the Jews, and felt it his duty to save the estate of the executed Jews for the royal treasury. 24 There is no way of ascertaining how the king and his officers regarded the accusation in itself. Other letters written by the king at the time convey the impression that he did not altogether disbelieve it, at least as far as the lepers were concerned. Nor is this unlikely, since it is known that he also gave credence to the false charges against the Templars.

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