By Wesley Thiesen
This is often the 1st finished linguistic learn of Bora, a typologically strange language spoken in Colombia and Peru, the results of 4 a long time of labor one of the Bora humans. The language has a really excessive variety of classifiers (over 300). those classifiers are utilized in a number of how one can perform reference. by way of those classifiers, apposition is the first mechanism for developing referring expressions, instead of the extra cross-linguistically universal mechanism of constituency. in addition they supply tight intersentential unity in discourse. The animate/inanimate contrast is pervasive, manifesting itself within the morphology, syntax, and lexicon. This quantity additionally incorporates a thorough research of Bora grammatical and lexical tone, which has a posh method of sandhi with default tone being excessive, unlike nearly all of tonal languages. The ethnographic comic strip comprises dialogue of the original Bora sign drums. This learn should be of curiosity to all keen on typological concerns, South American languages and peoples, or tone experiences. Wesley Thiesen got his B.A. in Anthropology from Wheaton collage in 1948. He and his spouse Eva labored for SIL one of the Bora-speaking humans from 1952 to retirement in 1998, dwelling a lot of that point in a Bora village. David Weber got his Ph.D. in Linguistics from the college of California, la in 1983. He and his spouse Diana have labored with SIL considering the fact that 1969. From 1972 to 2002 their efforts serious about the Huallaga Quechua language. He at the moment serves as an SIL linguistic advisor. The book's conceal depicts a basket hand made by means of the Bora humans.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Bora with Special Attention to Tone
The two drums are suspended parallel, the ends higher on one end than the other. As one faces the higher end, the larger drum is always on the right. The drummer stands between the drums, facing the higher end, and strikes them with the latex-covered clubs. 3 How messages are drummed Because each drum has two pitches (one on each side o f the slit) the pair of drums has four pitches. However, messages are sent using only two contrastive pitches (tones). Although all four pitches are sometimes used in the festival announcement songs, at any given time only two are con trastive.
18 Thus, the 18Here, “ syllable” refers to surface syllables after the application o f rules like P L T S and FLTS; see pages 70 and 74. ©2012 SIL International ® CHAPTER 1. THE BORA PEOPLE 24 order o f the high and low tones is the means by which a message is sent and understood. For example, lb is drummed as in la (with no extra pause at word boundaries). HL H H L L b. ’ Because many words have identical tone and syllable patterns it is necessary to have standardized phrases. A given message may have a number of different phrases; these may be repeated several times and in varying orders, but the word order within each phrase is rigid.
2 Burial The bodies o f deceased members of the chief’s family were formerly buried in the communal house; others were buried under their individual houses. Now, however, most people are buried in the cemetery, which is a short distance from the village. A coffin is made from whatever wood is available, sometimes even the door of a house. There is a wake where people gather to show respect to the dead and/or to his family. Usually now, the pastor leads the people in singing hymns and may preach a sermon.