By Joelle Rollo-Koster; Thomas M. Izbicki (editors)
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Extra resources for A Companion to the Great Western Schism (1378-1417) (Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition)
D’Aigrefeuille had to answer an extremely pressing question. The cardinals had declared the election null and void because of their fear of the mob’s action. The envoys were pressing witnesses on the level of fear at the time, understanding quite well that the level of fear and pressure would make or unmake the validity of the election. The envoys were surprised by a banality. In the middle of a situation that, according to the cardinals, was quite chaotic and dangerous, as they feared that the crowd would enter the conclave and attack their goods and lives, the cardinals stopped all operation once they had named Prignano, and they sat down to eat.
55 The Easter indulgence is highlighted in a rubric extracted from a ceremonial book dated by Bernhard Schimmelpfennig at the time of Benedict XIII. The rubric states clearly “Die sabbati sancta papa dat indulgentias populo”; Bernhard Schimmelpfennig, Die Zeremonienbücher der römischen Kurie im Mittelalter (Tubingen, 1973), p. 309. 56 If the traditional distribution of the Easter indulgence attracted pilgrims to the city, the forthcoming election and the papal advent only increased their number.
88 According to Valois’s research, it is during this meal that the cardinal of Glandève mentioned to Fernando Perez that he had been scared— tellingly using the past tense. 90 This episode has been commonly labeled the second election. We can conclude that at that specific time they viewed the recent so-called violence as negligible, certainly not a cause for a 87 The text reads, “Et quod omnia ustensilia et bona eorum [. ] mobilia confestim plicarentur et ponerentur in certo loco extra conclave, in quadam camera ubi fuerat factum illa hora unum magnum foramen”; Gayet, Le grand schisme, p.